Tag Archives: Public Relations Writing and Media Techniques

Selecting Publicity Photos & Graphics

1 Apr

Publicity photos serve to add interest and easy explanations for readers. By simply including a photo in an article, the readers automatically become attracted to the reading.

What makes a good photo?

More people prefer seeing a story through a photograph over reading the text of the story.

“Motion and still images are valuable.Somebody might not read the story, but they’ll recall the images.” -Amanda Watlington

One must keep in mind that photos will only be published by newspapers if they are high resolution images. They must have good contrast and sharp detail.

Factors to Consider When Submitting a Photo:

  • Show perspectives in the image so that viewers can know the size of the product.
  • Show product in the environment that it would typically be used in.
  • Always include a caption that explains the image.
  • Never include more than three or four people in a photograph. (Group photos can be tacky.)
  • The image should show action and avoid poses such as the grip and grin.

  • Tight images with minimal background look professional and focus on the subject.
  • Don’t include subjects who are wearing sunglasses

Writing Photo Captions:

A caption is the text below the image that describes the situation, introduces people in the picture, etc.

They are usually two to four lines long.

An extended version of a caption is used when accompanied by a photo in a Photo News Release.

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Writing a Feature News Story and Op-Eds

24 Mar

Chapter 7

Four approaches to feature writing:

  • distribute a general feature to a variety of publications
  • write an exclusive article for a publication
  • interest a freelancer or reporter in writing a story
  • post feature articles on the organization’s website

Types of feature stories:

  • case study- details how an individual has benefited from the featured service or product.
  • application story- details how consumers can productively use the featured product.
  • research study- based on the research of an aspect of lifestyle or common workplace situation.
  • backgrounder- either focuses on a problem solved by a product or historical material which draws human interest.
  • personality profile – humanizes celebrities or CEO
  • historical feature- tell about anniversaries, major changes, centennials, and more.

Every good feature writer ask lots of questions and are very creative thinkers. Another way to get ideas for feature writing is to be influenced by current events.

The format of a news release is just like that of a news release when it comes to letterhead, contact, headline, and dateline use.

Photos and graphics are a must in feature writing. Computer-generated artwork that displays tables and charts in an appealing way are called infographics and attract the media outlet’s attention.

Feature stories should contain a plethora of quotes, concrete examples, descriptive words and information that is delivered in an entertaining fashion.

Op-Eds should only be about 400 to 700 words and factual. Op-Ed means “opposite the editorial page.” It is an opinion based article that provides factual information the supports that particular opinion.

For more notes see Public Relations Writing and Media Techniques by Dennis L. Wilcox, Chapter 8

Elements of Publicity Tool Kit

24 Mar

Chapter 6 Notes

A publicity tool kit consists of the following:

  • Fact Sheet
  • Media Advisory
  • Media Kit

All of ¬†these help companies capture the attention of the media and persuade them to expose the company’s product, etc., to the public.

Fact Sheet

It is self-explanatory. It is a list of facts that provide a quick overview of the company of product and is easy to refer to.

A fact sheet for an upcoming event should include:

  • the name of the event
  • its sponsor
  • the location
  • the date and time
  • the purpose of the event the expected attendance
  • a list of any prominent people attending
  • unusual aspects of the even that make it newsworthy

A corporate fact sheet, or corporate profile, provides facts about an organization and should include:

  • organization’s name
  • products or services produced
  • organization’s annual revenues
  • total number of employees
  • names of top executives
  • markets served
  • position in the industry
  • other pertinent details

There are also fact sheets made for individual products. These should include:

  • nutrition information
  • production process
  • pricing
  • availability
  • convenience
  • how it serves a consumer need

Media Advisories

Media advisories, also known as media alerts, serve to alert editors of upcoming event that require media coverage. They are usually bulleted items detailing the time, date, location, etc. and are sent out a couple of weeks prior to an event.

The typical media advisory looks like the one below:

Media Kits

Another way to grab an editors attention is a media kit, also referred to as a press kit. A media kit provides general information about an event or product launch. There are many ways to be creative when making a media kit but the basic media kits include the following:

  • main news release
  • news features
  • fact sheet
  • background information
  • photos or drawings with captions
  • biographical materials on the senior executive, etc.
  • basic brochures

Some media kits may even include samples of the product and similar freebies in order for the editor to become familiar with the product and develop his or her own opinion about it.

A typical media kit comes in a 9 by 12 inch folder but some companies prefer to make a package or something that catches an editor’s eye. Electronic Media kits are also popular and usually come in a compact disk.

Here are images of a media kit produced by Kraken Rum:

For more notes on how to put together a publicity tool kit, check out Public Relations Writing and Media Techniques by

Dennis L Wilcox.

Composing a News Release

7 Mar
Notes from Chapter 5 of Public Relations Writing and Media Techniques by Dennis L. Wilcox.

A news release, or press release, serves as a means to get news of an event, product, idea, etc. to a reporter with the goal of being published. Editors receive countless amounts of new releases each day not only by traditional mail (dubbed “snail mail”) but also by email. Electronic distributors such as PR Newswire and Business Wire also have a plethora of information found in news releases. Sending news releases is very popular and is also a lot cheaper than buying advertisements. Many organizations opt in to sending news releases because the public feels that its information is more credible in a news column than an ad. Out of all the releases that make it to the office of an editor, 55-97% go unused. It is critical for one’s news release to stand out from all the other releases and not just blur together with the rest of them.

3 Steps to Aid in Making a News Release Rise Above the Pile:

  1. Follow a standardized formula
  2. Provide information that will interest readers
  3. Be timely

The Questions That a News Release Should Answer:

  • What is the subject?
  • Who is the target audience?
  • Who will care about this information?
  • How will readers benefit from this information?
  • What is the purpose of the organization?

The Traditional News Release

Should be on an 8.5 by 11 inch multipurpose paper.

Colored paper should generally be avoided.

  • The news release should stand out because of the content, not because of the color of the paper.
  • Bright colors, as well as dark colors, are hard to read and may be irritating to an editor.
  • If you must use color, the author recommends using pastels.

There should be a two inch margin at the top of the page and 1.5 inch margins on the bottom, right and left.

  • If a header is used, begin writing two inches below the header.

Should be double spaced.

  • Allows an editor to perform quick edits.
  • Allows corrections, notes, etc.

10 or 12 pt font is preferred and legible fonts such as Courier and Times New Roman are ideal.

Use AP Style.

Sentences or paragraphs should not be split between pages.

To indicate that the release is longer than one page, place the word -MORE- at the bottom of the page.

A slug, or a short description that will aid in distinguishing the release if pages get separated, should be placed on pages after the first.

To indicate that the release has ended place the word -END-, -30-, -###-.

The E-mail/Internet News Release

Should be single spaced.

  • The only time it should be double spaced is when it is sent to an online distributor as mentioned above.

Do not leave an open hyphen at the end of a line.

Should typically be shorter than 200 words.

Four or Five paragraphs in length.

The editor should not have to scroll down to view the entire release.

Five Basic Types of New Releases

  • Announcements- new products, promotions, sales reports, anniversaries and the like.
  • Spot Announcements- informs public of a happening that affected the organization.
  • Reaction Release- news of event or situation that has effect on organization.
  • Bad News- can be buried in a news story so readers do not consider it to be a “cover up” for a mistake. It is best to confront an issue immediately in order to prevent the media from making up stories or being informed of rumors. The worst thing that a PR representative can do is to refuse to comment on a situation.
  • Local News- most common. Local releases are those which include names of locals or contain information that is locally significance.

Components of a News Release

  • Letterhead- A section at the top of the release that includes the name, address, phone number, fax number, and website of an organization.
  • Contacts- Name, title, phone number, fax number, and email address of the person who wrote the release.
  • Headline- Title of the news release. If the font size of the body is 12 pt, the headline is usually 14 or 16 pt font.
  • Dateline- The name of the city in which the news is taking place. Must be in all caps and is usually followed by the date.
  • Lead Paragraph- Basic details of the release. Includes the five W’s and H, as well as the “so what?”
  • Body of Text- Written in inverted pyramid style so that the editor can find the most important details quickly.

Reading notes from Public Relations Writing and Media Techniques by Dennis Wilcox.

How Can I Get This in the Paper?

18 Feb

In order to get publicity, coverage of news, a public relations writer must understand the basics of newsworthiness:

  • Timeliness- occurring recently. Many news outlets battle to get the news out or “break the news” before any other station does. Accuracy can, at times, be neglected.
  • Prominence- A celebrity or famous public figure is in the picture, making it news.
  • Proximity- generally, news that is localized or nearby.
  • Significance- Affecting a group of people. Must be important and a publicist must prevent the journalists from wondering if it will affect anyone or if anyone will care.
  • Unusualness- Things that are odd tend to make news just because they are not seen on a regular basis.
  • Human Interest- focuses on someone’s life, not necessarily a famous person, it can be an everyday person. People enjoy these stories because they may be found in the same, or a similar, situation that the featured person is dealing with.
  • Conflict- Unsolved problems or disagreements are newsworthy because people like to follow the process of a decision or occurrence.
  • Newness- Introducing things that are new to the public. A new device or method, for example.

It is important for a publicist to know lots about who they are working for in order to effectively advertise, or inform, about the company or corporation to generate the desired result or action from the public.

Some tactics that a publicist can use are:

  1. Special events- An event that will trigger the media’s attention and result in a news story.
  2. Contests- The book quotes “If all else fails, sponsor a contest.” It advises to plan with care, develop credibility, hire experts, and keep it local.
  3. Polls- Getting the public’s opinion about something.
  4. Top 10 lists- (self-explanatory)
  5. Stunts- The book states to attempt to beat a Guinness World Record.
  6. Product demonstrations- Displaying how the product works, etc. Providing free samples or coupons help people decide if they will spend their hard earned money on the product.
  7. Rallies and protests
  8. Personal appearances
  9. Awards